Why did the Pilgrims leave their homes?


First the Pilgrims traveled to Holland for religious reasons and for safety. Some of the Pilgrim's lives were in danger. They were going to be put into jail because the king did not like them disobeying his rules.


Then they traveled to America for religious reasons and for safety. The first few months in America were very difficult for the Pilgrims. Half of their 102 members perished: "of the 17 male heads of families, ten died during the first infections"; of the 17 wives, only three were left after three months.Therefore, some of the children had to live with other families, because their parents had died during the long winter months.



A young Indian, names Squanto, who spoke English, taught the Pilgrims many useful things about surviving in the wildernes. After that winter, in the following summer, when conditions improved, Bradford would write in his diaries, "Regarless of sicknes, everyday survival itself was seen as cause for gratitude, but when given a full and prosperous harvest (with the help and instruction of Native American such as Squanto), the previous ordeal could be understood as a trial by God, a test of faith, the heavenly reward prefigured by an earthly one". Which meant that everyone was thankful to be alive. Now that the crops had grown so well with the help of the Indians, they were certain that many more would live through the next winter.




This Pilgrim home was made as comfortable as it could be. It protected them from the harsh weather. The first building to be built was the common house.

Answer the following question:

 1. Why did so many Pilgrims die during the first winter?
 2. What Indian spoke English?
 3. How big was the common house?


Let's go on a Walking Tour of Plimoth Plantation to see the people and the houses.



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